C++, a language that almost every programmer, whether a newbie or a geek would have heard of.
So let’s see
What is C++ or C with Classes?
So what is C++ is a multi-paradigm, object-oriented programming language that was designed by Bjarne Stroustrup, mainly as an extension of C language which was then also known as C with classes and in the later years, it was renamed as C++ as a separate language.
Early History of C++ or C with Classes
C++ first appeared in 1985 as a more performance-driven, efficient and flexible language.
C++ was no one’s idea to make but it just came out as a constant evolution, fixes, and add-ons to the ordinary C language.
Bjarne actually started working on a concept called, “C with Classes” which was a prior predecessor to C++.
The idea of creating a new language strikes Stroustrup’s mind when he had been going through some programming experiences while completing his Ph. D. thesis.
The Evolution of C++
Later in the year 1983, “C with Classes” was renamed to C++ and was given updates of tons of useful features like – function name, operator overloading, improved type checking, and single-line comments with forward-slash. ( // )
C++ First Edition
In the year 1985, C++ the first edition was released and became an official standard later in October, that year.
Updates and Patches
In 1989, C++ 2.0 was launched followed by the second update to it in 1991.
And then it went through some major updates like – multiple inheritances, abstract classes, static member functions, constant member functions, and protected member functions.
Later additional features also gave it – templates, exception handling, namespaces, casts, and boolean type data.
After the 2.0 update, C++ bloomed like a programming language and has witnessed very slow evolution since then.
Current Status of C++ or C with Classes
As of now, C++ is the third most popular programming language after Java as 1st and C language on the 2nd.
C++ or C with Classes as a language
Although being a separate language on its own but since derived from C, C++ inherits most of the C’s syntax. C++ codes are the most compact and efficient and execute very quickly that makes it possibly the fastest programming language.
C++ has a vast heap of libraries, frameworks, and tools that make it very versatile language.
C++ also has excellent support for computer graphics, so is quite popular among game developers.
C++ has a very big community and support as it is almost everywhere. It is also evolving to become a better language by each update.
Applications of C++
C++ is mainly used for developing desktop applications, stand-alone system software, parts of some operating systems and internet browsers.
Some Popular Applications That Are Written in C++
Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird
My SQL, world’s most popular open-source database system with over 100 million copies downloaded and distributed in its history is also coded in the same language.
Maya, one of the most powerful and most popular animations and rendering software available in the industry that provides a host of useful tools for animation, motion graphics, virtual reality, and character creation.
Autodesk open source center also has plenty of C++ projects.
WinAMP, the all in one media player. that allows you to handle audio, video files, disk burning, enjoy free music and sync your music across your devices has a backend written in C++ too.
Popular Operating Systems That Are Written in C++
Is C++ powerful enough to power an operating system
Yes! It is.
These are some of the operating systems that are written in C++.
The world’s most popular desktop operating system, Windows is also written in C++. Internet Explorer and MS Office are also part of the same clan.
Apple – OS X
Some parts of the Apple OS X operating system were written in the C++ programming language.
One of the widely used operating systems for the mobile environment in history, the Symbian OS was entirely written in C++.
Frequently Asked Questions
Below are some of the frequently asked questions related to this topic.
Is C++ still in demand?
Since C++ shows up on number 04 in 2020, it concludes that the charm of this language is not over yet.
The developers are still drawn to this language and it will continue to be in high demand, thanks to its reliability, performance and a huge variety of contexts and practical applications it applies to.
Is C++ worth learning in 2020?
C++ is a high-level object-oriented programming language that totally goes with today’s world and programming environment. It also catches up new things with regular updates.
It is even regarded as the most powerful programming language to be used with Microsoft’s .NET framework.
But if you’re a beginner and you’re starting to learn how to code you probably should not go so hard on C++.
Before that, you should learn some basic and easy programming concepts and start with some language that is algorithmically and syntactically easy.
Because C++ is the enhanced version of C, a better, object-oriented, compiler supported high-level version that makes it a little hard for the starter language.
Instead, As a beginner, you can go with languages like –
Java and Python that will be quite easier for you to start learning and understanding the programming concepts.
And once you get to know the programmer’s way of thinking, algorithms, and syntax of these languages you can then very easily catch up with C++.
It is just the syntax that changes with every language but the algorithm remains the same.
The way of solving the problem would remain the same but the coding language and the syntax will change.
It’s like… you have to say the same thing to the machine but in different languages.
Is C++ still used in 2020?
C++ is not going anywhere. It is one of the oldest, widely popular, and one of the most used programming language available, since it is really powerful, fast, reliable and robust.
And to the question.
Yes! C++ is the 4th most popular language and is used in 2019 for software development, operating system, system software, software add-ons, device drivers, high-performance server applications, and video games and even in some real-life applications.
Hence C++ is still a widely popular programming language.
What are the disadvantages of C++?
Some of the disadvantages of C++ are:
- It lacks security.
- Thread support not built-in.
- Garbage collection not supported
- C++ for web applications is complex and tough to debug.
- C++ makes it really very complex and complicated while dealing with large level programs.
- It is mainly used for platform-specific development only; C++ is not platformed independently like Java.
Can I learn C++ in a month?
If we are talking about the basics of C++ then yes it can be mastered under a month with regular concern and practice but if you take C++ language as a whole this is not happening until you’re a superhero or something.
It is really a vast and complex language in its origin and it takes up time to master the art of C++.
How long it takes to learn C++?
Again if we are talking about being able to create high-end programs and software and if you’re really looking forward to putting some precious hours of your life every day in learning C++ then it may take you from 04 – 06 months to master C++.
If you’re not a beginner and already know to program in some other language then this won’t take that much time instead it will be quicker.
But at the end of the day all, it comes down to is how many hours you’re putting in learning and practicing.
What can be created with C++?
As discussed earlier C++ is a high-level object-oriented programming language, packed with features like – Polymorphism, Inheritance, Encapsulation, and Data Abstractions that makes it capable of building high performance and powerful high-end products.
C++ is used in creating Operating Systems, stand-alone applications, system applications, device drivers, server-side applications as well as high-end video games.
Why is C++ advantageous?
Some of the benefits of C++ are as mentioned:
- It is an Object-oriented high-level programming language.
- C++ has a rich library of functions.
- It is a portable language.
- C++ is a robust, efficient and performance-driven language.
- Being an OOP language C++ supports function overloading and exception handling.
What kind of programs are written using C++?
From the simplest to the most complex systems. You can create just anything with c++.
Being an Object-oriented language C++ has so much to offer just like Java, Python and other powerful languages.
It depends on the developer how efficiently they use it. You can write an operating system in it, system applications, server-client applications, you can write supported device drivers for any device you can even develop video games in this language.
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Have a good day ahead! 🙂
Editors note: This is a guest post from Geeky Gene.